In most cases, you will work closely with your healthcare provider to determine which CGX or PGX tests are right for you. There are many panels to choose from, but your testing can be narrowed to select panels that you and your physician feel is right for you. For instance, your physician will determine if a full hereditary cancer panel, an Internist panel, or a BRCA 1 & BRCA 2 panel will make sense based on your personal or family history. Most common testing is a full hereditary panel, which tests 34 genes associated with higher risk cancers found in the breast, ovarian, colon, liver and more.
Many common cancers are considered "hereditary." Hereditary cancers are caused by gene mutations that people are born with; passed down to them from either their mother or their father. Laboratory tests performed with a simple saliva mouth swab can analyze a person's genes to tell if they carry an inherited mutation in a gene that is associated with an increased risk for cancer. Genetic testing in people already diagnosed with cancer can also determine if their cancer was caused by an inherited mutation.
Pharmacogenetics is the study of how genes affect the body's response to certain medications or other environmental factors that may cause bad side effects. Genes carry information that determines your unique traits, such as height and eye color. Your genes can also affect how safe and effective a particular drug could be for you. Your health care provider will see which medications will work well for you, and which could be potentially harmful or dangerous before you start taking them. It basically becomes a cheat sheet for your doctor and in turn, your doctor can make a very personalized treatment plan to help keep you healthy.
Testing is actually more convenient than you may think. It's typically done using an oral collection swab or blood. If blood, we send a licensed phlebotomist to the convenience of your own home (or a place of your choosing). The appointment should only take about 20-25 minutes, and you’ll get the results back within just a couple weeks.
Pharmacogenetic testing may be used to:
PGX testing is easy, convenient and is covered by Medicare, some Medicaid and Medicare Advantage PPO plans, with little to no out-of-pocket cost. Keep in mind that not all medications are available for tests. Consult with your healthcare provider or one of our specialists for more details.